Story Title: Army Establishments

By Prajakta Joshi
Word Count: 502

CME, PUNE

Pune has been one of the largest military grounds in the country ever since British rule. When we talk about the army establishments in Pune, there are four main places that strike us the most. They are the National Defence Academy (NDA), Pune Cantonment area and Bombay Engineering Group (a regiment of the Indian Army Corps of Engineers).

National Defence Academy is a military training centre situated in Khadakwasla near Pune. The institute provides joint training for the cadets of army, navy and air force before they go for their final training before they become officers. The NDA also provides these trainee officers a degree which makes them graduates. The Officer in charge of the NDA is called the Commandant.

The NDA is the first academy in the world that provides training in all three services. The NDA is large - it is spread across more than 8,000 acres of land. Apart from the academy, the area also contains a mini sanctuary (famous for peacocks) and large amounts of forest. Pune Cantonment, also popularly known as Pune Camp, is an area that was specially developed to house the British Indian Army in 1918. A small camp for the troops already existed in Khadki on the bank of river Mula. Later, to accommodate a larger number of troops, the villages of Mali, Munjeri, Wanowrie and Ghorpuri were transformed into Pune Cantonment area.

Even today Pune Camp is occupied with various establishments of the Indian Army. It has the residential quarters for the army officers. It also houses the headquarters of Southern Command of the Indian Army, one of the six Army headquarters in the country. The officer who is in charge has a rank of Lieutenant General and is known as the General Officer Commanding in Chief (GOC-in-C)!

India's top defence medical college is also located in Pune – right opposite the Race Course - the Armed Forces Medical College. The Air Force houses fighter squadrons at the Lohegaon Aerodrome, which also serves as the civilian airport of Pune.

The National War Memorial is a huge pillar that stands proudly as homage to the martyrs of the armed forces of India who gave up their lives for the country. It is located near Ghorpuri, just next to the R.S.I. – Pune's most important military club for officers and retired officers and their families.

Another notable army establishment in Pune is Bombay Engineering Group. Their job is to build bridges and all other types of construction to help in the defence of the country. Also informally known as Bombay Sappers, the regiment has originated from the former Bombay Presidency army under the British Raj. It is situated in Khadki area of Pune since 1837.

Pune has been one of the greatest centres of the Indian Amy since pre-independence times. Apart from the main establishments mentioned above, it also has a number of others like College of Military Engineering (CME), High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, Army Institute of Physical Training, Ordinance Factory, Dehu Road and so on.

End


Story Title: Police Establishments and Jails

Word Count: 464

Maharastra Police

The Pune Police have a job to maintain law and order, prevent riots, control traffic, catches thieves, help good citizens and control the crowds. They have a tough job to do – let’s take a look at how they do it.

Pune’s Police have a proud history. Way back in 1764, Peshwa Madhav Rao, for the first time in Pune, created a regular office of Kotwal or the Head of Police and made Balaji Narayan Ketkar the first Kotwal of Pune. The city was then divided into 4 police stations, known as Kotwal Chawdi.

Today, the Police set-up is much bigger. Headed by a Commissioner of Police, the force also has a Joint Commissioner of Police, four Additional Commissioners of Police and a number of Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners of Police. Other ranks consist of Senior Inspectors, Inspectors and lower ranks.

Branches
There are three branches of the Pune police- The Crime Branch, The Traffic Branch and The Special Branch. The Crime Branch is the investigative arm of the Pune Police. It handles all the serious crimes in the city.

The Special Branch handles student related issues, politicians, banned organization and immigrants (foreigners that come to India to stay permanently). It also handles the Foreigner Registration Office (FRRO). The Special Branch gives security to important people, collects important information and has different sections such as Political, Student and Administrative. The branch is the eyes and ears of the City Police.

The Traffic Police Branch looks after road and traffic safety. It makes sure that all traffic rules are being followed and helps in lowering the number of accidents.

Police Stations & Chowkys
These branches enforce the law through 33 Police Stations. Under the 33 police stations are 104 Police Chowkys. Apart from maintaining the peace in a particular area, the chowky has committees such as the Senior Citizen Committee, Peace Committee etc. and holding meetings every now and then.

The Pune Police Headquarters is located next to B.J. Medical College, near Sadhu Vaswani Chowk.

Beat Marshalls
Beat Marshall Patrol is a group of police officers which have a motorcycle, walkie-talkie and a special gun (called a Carbine). Their job is to patrol the streets and to respond quickly to calls about crimes.

Jails
While most police stations have lock-ups, the biggest jail in Pune is the Yerwada jail. It is quite famous owing to the fact that a number of freedom fighters including Mahatma Gandhi were once jailed here. Yerwada Central Jail is a high security jail in Yerwada. It is the largest jail in Maharashtra and one of the largest prisons in South Asia. In 2005, it had 3600 prisoners. It has an open jail (a jail where the prisoners are allowed to roam freely in a particular area) as well as security zones.

End


Story Title: PMC/PCMC (Muncipal Corporation)

Akshay Sharma
Word Count: 464

The Pune Municipal Corporation

Due to the fact that Pune is a big city the municipal corporation here is known as a metropolitan Corporation. It has major responsibilities to look after the growing needs of the city.

The Pune Municipal Corporation is the body that is in charge of administration of the city of Pune, especially in areas such as basic needs and infrastructure (buildings etc.) PMC came into existence in 1950. The boss of the corporation is the Municipal Commissioner, who is always an IAS officer (an officer who belongs to the Indian Administrative Service) appointed by the State government.

Apart from the people who manage the Corporation, the PMC consists of elected representatives of the different regions of Pune, which are known as wards. The elected representatives from these wards are called corporators. This group of Corporators are headed by the Mayor who is elected from among them through a voting process.

The PMC has forty eight Municipal Wards and each ward sends three representatives to the corporation. There are currently 149 corporators in the PMC. The municipal elections to elect the corporators and subsequently the Mayor are held every five years. The last municipal election was held here in 2012.

Each ward of the PMC is overseen by an Assistant Municipal Commissioner. In Marathi and Hindi, the PMC is known as Pune Mahanagarpalika. The different departments that come under the PMC are the Roads department, Fire brigade, Statistics and Computer department, Solid Waste Management, Garden department, Octroi department, Education department, Technical and Secondary education department, Establishment department, Health department, Property Tax department, City Engineer’s office, Chawl department, Encroachment department, Sewerage and water supply, Land and Estate department, Environment, Heritage cell and Non motorized transport cell.

So you can see that your school comes under the PMC. The other main interaction that we have with the corporation is through the (bumpy) roads that we travel on. The offices of PMC are located in Shivaji Nagar.

The Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation is the Municipal Corporation of Pimpri - Chinchwad, which is categorised as an urban agglomeration (UA) (a city attached to another city).

The PCMC was established in 1982. There are 133 corporators in the PCMC. Earlier the strength used to be 105 but after the last municipal elections the number has increased to 128. There are 64 wards in this municipal corporation. Each ward has two corporators, thereby the number of elected corporators is 128. The offices of this municipal corporation are located in Pimpri on the Mumbai-Pune road. Like with PMC, this municipal corporation has a Municipal Commissioner who is the real executive authority in the corporation.

End


Story Title: Pune's Judiciary

By Akshay Sharma
Word Count: 502

Symbol of Justice

The Judiciary is one of the three pillars of democracy. A judicial system is a system of courts and lawyers to have justice and to keep things fair. Pune has many courts, as well as lawyers and legal firms providing legal assistance and services. The main courts in Pune are as follows -:

1) District Court:
The Pune District Court is the highest court of Pune District. The court is located in Shivaji Nagar. The Principal District & Sessions Judge, who is appointed by the State Government, is in charge of this court. The Pune District Court comes under the Bombay High Court, which means that anyone who loses a case in the Pune District Court can appeal to the Bombay High Court. The district court hears cases pertaining to both civil (involving money and contracts) and criminal (involving criminals) matters.

2) Consumer Forum:
There are two courts in Pune which deal with cases relating to consumer matters. There is the District Consumer Redressal Forum which is located on Pune-Satara road in Bibewadi. The Additional Pune District Consumer Redressal Forum is at the same location. These courts take up cases dealing with the complaints of consumers. So if you buy something and it doesn't work and if the seller refuses to refund your money, you can go to the consumer court. The top judge is called the President of the forum and he is assisted by two members.

The good thing about the consumer forum is that a person can argue his own case, without a lawyer.

3) Family Courts:
These courts were formed to deal with family related matters like divorce. In Pune the family court is located in Sadashiv Peth. A new building for the family court is under construction. Apart from divorces, the family courts deal with cases relating to adoption and maintenance. The family court also deals with the issue of a child's custody to either of his or her parents. The main purpose of this court is to ensure that all attempts are made to save a marriage.

4) Motor Accident Claims Tribunal:
This tribunal deals with cases of road accidents. Issues like the compensation to be paid and claims due to loss of life and injuries. Judicial Officers preside over these courts. These courts are under the direct supervision of the Bombay High Court. The owners of vehicles that have been damaged also can appeal to the court.

5) Lok Adalats:
Lok Adalats are meant to speed up the court cases and make the system people-friendly. In Lok Adalats, both the (disputing) parties are encouraged to reach a settlement. The idea is to solve cases in a quick and direct manner. Lok Adalats have been very successful.

There are plenty of Lawyers in Pune. The official association of Lawyers is called the Pune Bar Association. The Pune Bar Association holds regular elections to elect its chief. The Bar association is an important forum for Lawyers and allows them to present their viewpoint in a proper manner.

End